INDONESIA: Inter-State Letters Rogatory and Delivery of Court Documents

Reading Time: 2 minutesOn 20 February 2018, the Supreme Court and Ministry of Foreign Affairs (“MFA”) concluded a Memorandum of Understanding regarding the Handling of Requests for Technical Assistance in Civil Matters (“2018 MOU”). This new MOU replaces the previous MOU signed on 13 February 2013 (“2013 MOU”). Unlike the 2013 MOU, the 2018 MOU is supported with […]

HONG KONG: Can an internal non-legal representative of a litigant be a member to a confidentiality ring?

Reading Time: 4 minutesIntroduction Taching Petroleum Company Limited (“Taching”) and Shell Hong Kong Limited (“Shell”) have respectively sold industrial diesel oil to Meyer Aluminium Limited (“Meyer”) and sue for the diesel oil purchase price. In its defence, Meyer argued that Taching and Shell have colluded to fix the price or exchanged price information in breach of the First […]

INDONESIA: Digital Financial Innovation Regulation – New Era of a Dynamic Digital Economy

Reading Time: 4 minutesIn order to support innovations in the financial technology sector at its current expeditious pace, the Financial Services Authority (Otoritas Jasa Keuangan – “OJK”) has implemented a ground-breaking regulatory policy through OJK Regulation No. 13/POJK.02/2018 concerning Digital Financial Innovation in the Financial Services Sector (“OJK Regulation 13/2018”). This long-awaited regulation aims to provide a regulatory corridor […]

HONG KONG: The SFC’s most severe disciplinary actions taken against sponsors

Reading Time: 7 minutesIntroduction On 14 March 2019, the Securities and Futures Commission (“SFC”) reprimanded and fined UBS AG and UBS Securities Hong Kong Limited (collectively, “UBS”), Merrill Lynch Far East Limited (“Merrill Lynch”), Standard Chartered Securities (Hong Kong) Limited (“Standard Chartered Securities”) and Morgan Stanley Asia Limited (“Morgan Stanley”) a sum of HK$375 million, HK$128 million, HK$59.7 […]

Foreign Participation in Myanmar Banking Sector

Reading Time: 5 minutesABSTRACT: Any reform aiming to increase foreign investment in a country can only be accomplished when there is uniformity between the legal provisions and the practices followed by the regulatory authorities. Adherence to legacy legislation and erroneous interpretation of the new laws would erode the objective of the reforms, leading Myanmar off the path toward greater development and progress.   With the doors of the banking industry remaining shut […]

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Vietnam Legal Update: Additional Permitted Cases on the Use of Foreign Currency in the Territory of Vietnam

Reading Time: 2 minutesIt is Circular No. 03/2019/TT-NHNN dated 29 March 2019 (“Circular 03”) due to amend Circular 32/2013/TT-NHNN dated 26 December 2013 (“Circular 32”), the State Bank of Vietnam relaxes the restrictions on the use of foreign currency in Vietnam. Principle of restriction on use of foreign currency in Vietnam Under Circular 32, except for 16 limitative […]

HONG KONG: Trademarks with vulgar meaning may be invalidated in the PRC

Reading Time: 4 minutesIntroduction On 3 February 2019, the Higher People’s Court of Beijing Municipality (“Beijing High Court”) handed down its judgment and determined that the trademark “MLGB” had a vulgar meaning, was of low style, and may endanger the socialist morality; and therefore shall be invalidated in accordance with Article 10(8) of Trademark Law of the People’s […]

Vietnam Legal Update: Additional Permitted Cases on the Use of Foreign Currency in the Territory of Vietnam

Reading Time: 2 minutesIt is Circular No. 03/2019/TT-NHNN dated 29 March 2019 (“Circular 03”) due to amend Circular 32/2013/TT-NHNN dated 26 December 2013 (“Circular 32”), the State Bank of Vietnam relaxes the restrictions on the use of foreign currency in Vietnam. Principle of restriction on use of foreign currency in Vietnam Under Circular 32, except for 16 limitative […]

聚焦劳资业务:香港法律在降级方面的规定

Reading Time: 1 minutes降级通常涉及职位降低,或者工作职责和/或薪水的减少。员工出现业绩不良、能力有限等情况但又无需辞退时,雇主都可能会考虑对其进行降级处理。

不管是什么原因,雇主考虑降级时都要慎之又慎。降级应当合法而又专业;否则雇主可能面临不必要的投诉举报。

HONG KONG: A US short-seller was held liable for disseminating a false online research report about a Hong Kong listed company

Reading Time: 6 minutesIntroduction A US short-seller, Mr Andrew Left (“Mr Left”) of Citron Research, was held liable by the Market Misconduct Tribunal (“MMT”) in August 2016 for publishing false or misleading market information about Evergrande Real Estate Group Limited (“Evergrande”) (Stock Code: 3333). In February 2019, the Court of Appeal (the “CA”) dismissed Mr Left’s appeal against […]

Vietnam: When subsidiaries go bankrupt – can creditors “seek compensation” from parent companies?

Reading Time: 6 minutesIt is normal and recommended to allow a subsidiary which operates ineffectively and falls into insolvency to go bankrupt for the sake of a healthy business environment. However, except for subsidiaries which are only the front companies to conceal non-transparent or illegal business activities of parent companies, the bankruptcy of an enterprise causes losses to […]

The law on demotions in Hong Kong

Reading Time: 3 minutesA demotion normally involves a reduction in rank or status, or a decrease in job responsibilities and/or salary. An employer may wish to demote an employee for a variety of reasons including poor performance, capability and/or as an alternative to termination. Regardless of the reason for the demotion, an employer should be careful when demoting […]